Working Hand In Hand and Alleviating Crisis With Love

From:北京心理危机研究与干预中心 Last Edited on:2018/12/12 Add to Favorite Print

Cerebration of the 15th anniversary of the establishment of Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center and the 10th anniversary of the designation of the WHO Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention

The cerebration of the 15th anniversary of the establishment of Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center, the 10th anniversary of the designation of the WHO Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention, the 2nd forum of Development and Innovation of Mental Health Disciplines and the second meeting of the overseas Chinese Psychiatry Federation were held by Beijing Huilongguan Hospital in Beijing from November 17 to 19 in 2017.

Liang Xiaofeng, deputy director of China Center for Disease Prevention and Control, and Pan Suyan, deputy director of Beijing Hospital Administration attended the meeting. More than 30 famous psychiatric experts overseas and in China made wonderful speeches, and more than 80 guests and friends from domestic cooperative units participated in the forum. In total there were 420 professionals participated in the activity.

After the opening ceremony, Professor Kenneth R Conner from the University of Rochester gave a lecture on the association of alcohol abuse and suicide. Professor Conner said that the immediate use of alcohol elevated suicidal risk. He also commented on the relationship between alcohol abuse and suicide in China. In north China, the proportion of alcohol use was relatively high, while the diagnosis of alcohol use disorder was relatively low. However, the risk of suicide conferred by alcohol use disorder was comparable to that in western countries. In addition, Professor Conner also pointed out that decrease of alcohol use could significantly reduce the suicide rate.

In the afternoon of the 17th Sep., several famous scholars in China and abroad were invited to give lectures on the Crisis Intervention Forum. The excellent presentations covered various topics in the field of crisis intervention. 

Professor Michael R Phillips from Shanghai Mental Health Center pointed out that the Mental Health Action Plan of the WHO advocated that all countries around the world should work together to reduce suicide rates by 10% by 2030. The suicide rate in China has declined significantly in the past decade, and has become a low suicide rate country. The reasons are diversity, and changes of economy and culture in China may be the main reasons for the reduction of suicide rate. Professor Phillips also explored the significant differences in suicide characteristics between low/middle-income countries and high-income countries, suggesting that countries should establish national suicide intervention plans and adopt targeted interventions. Professor Phillips finally suggested how to continue to push forward the work of suicide prevention in China.

Professor Jia Cunxian from Shandong University and Professor Zhou Liang from the Psychiatry Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University introduced the research on "suicide behavior of Chinese adolescents" and "suicide risk factors of elderly people in rural China". These researches are of great significance for understanding and preventing suicide among adolescents and elderly people in rural China.

Professor Tong Yongsheng, deputy director of Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center adopted the data of hospital suicide registration system that was stablished in a county of Shanxi Province, has monitored the data of suicide and attempted suicide for six years, and carried out follow-up for 2-6 years for suicide attempters, to explore why the female suicide rate was relatively high in China and why repeated attempted suicide. It was found that, in both of males and females, the most commonly used method of suicide was pesticide which was a moderate lethal method in rural China. The method choice of suicidal acts resulted in a higher case fatality of suicidal acts in China females than that in western countries. Follow-up study found that the incidence of repeated attempted suicide rate was relatively low, meanwhile the incidence of repteated suicide was high. The results suggest that the reduction of pesticide toxicity and the improvement of rescue level after pesticide poisoning should be considered in suicide prevention in rural areas of China.

Professor Li Juan from Beijing Huilongguan Hospital introduced in detail the organizational framework, intervention process and main intervention techniques of daily work of crisis, and summarized the key and difficult points in practical work. In addition, Professor Li talked about it was important to provide corresponding training for the media to ensure that the media could appropriately report crisis events, making no negative effects to the public by the media report. 

Professor Xi Yingjun, director of Beijing Anding Hospital introduced the principles, strategies, procedures and precautions of psychological rescue work on the spot, which provided valuable experience for providing crisis intervention on the spot.

Alan Woodward, head of Australian lifeline, introduced the basic situation of Australian lifeline and the principles and practical points of crisis intervention provided by the hotline. He proposed that empathy, respect and empowerment are the abilities that hotline intervention staff should possess.

Liang Hong, vice director of Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center introduced the working mode and future work direction of Beijing Psychological Assistance Hotline, which provided valuable experience for the development of domestic hotline work.

As the "WHO Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention", Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center is responsible for coordinating the research, teaching, training, prevention and intervention of suicide in the Asia-Pacific region. Over the past 15 years, the Center has been at the forefront of international research and intervention in the field of crisis. It has done a lot of effective work in academic research, promoting relevant policy formulation, psychological assistance hotline, psychological crisis intervention after major disasters, popular science publicity and promotion of residents' mental health, and personnel training, which leads and promotes the development of the crisis intervention of China.

This forum is organized to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the establishment of Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center and the 10th anniversary of the authorization of the WHO Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention. The forum summed up previous work of our center, and made anticipation for future work. It also provided an opportunity for colleagues of various units engaged in suicide prevention, crisis intervention and psychological assistance hotline to communicate experience in China.